Hydrogen Doping Reveals Orbital Ordering in Iron Arsenide Superconductorsby Tommy on 8/07/2012
Two-dome structure in electron-doped iron arsenide superconductors, Soshi Iimura, Satoru Matuishi, Hikaru Sato, Taku Hanna, Yoshinori Muraba, Sung Wng Kim, Jung Eun Kim, Masaki Takata and Hideo Hosono, to be published in Nature Communications.
Iron arsenide superconductors based on the material LaFeAsO1-xFx are characterized by a two-dimensional Fermi surface (FS) consisting of hole and electron pockets yielding structural and antiferromagnetic transitions at x = 0. Electron doping by substituting O2- with F- suppresses these transitions and gives rise to superconductivity with a maximum Tc = 26 K at x = 0.1. However, the over-doped region cannot be accessed due to the poor solubility of F- above x = 0.2. Here we overcome this problem by doping LaFeAsO with hydrogen. We report the phase diagram of LaFeAsO1-xHx (x < 0.53) and, in addition to the conventional superconducting dome seen in LaFeAsO1-xFx, we find a second dome in the range 0.21 < x < 0.53, with a maximum Tc of 36 K at x = 0.3. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the three Fe 3d bands (xy, yz, zx) become degenerate at x = 0.36, whereas the FS nesting is weakened monotonically with x. These results imply that the band degeneracy has an important role to induce high Tc.