Magnetically Frustrated Rare Earth Oxides Display Giant Magnetocaloric Effectby Tommy on 12/09/2012
Giant magnetocaloric effect in magnetically frustrated EuHo2O4 and EuDy2O4 compounds, A. Midya, N. Khan, D. Bhoi and P. Mandal.
We have investigated the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of EuHo2O4 and EuDy2O4 by magnetization and heat capacity measurements down to 2 K. These compounds undergo a field-induced antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic transition and exhibit a huge entropy change. For a field change of 0-8 T, the maximum magnetic entropy and adiabatic temperature changes are 30 (25) J kg-1 K-1 and 12.7 (16) K, respectively and the corresponding value of refrigerant capacity is 540 (415) J kg-1 for EuHo2O4 (EuDy2O4). These magnetocaloric parameters also remain large down to lowest temperature measured and are even larger than that for some of the potential magnetic refrigerants reported in the same temperature range for a moderate field change. Moreover, these materials are highly insulating and exhibit no thermal and field hysteresis, fulfilling the necessary conditions for a good magnetic refrigerant in the low-temperature region.
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